Atlanta Bibliography


Carson, Clayborne. “Black Panther Party for Self-Defense.” Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Ed. Colin A. Palmer. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2006.

This encyclopedia provides a concise history of the Black Panther Party including an in-depth overview of Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.

Harmon, David Andrew. Beneath the Image of the Civil Rights Movement and Race Relations Atlanta, Georgia 1946-1981. New York: Garlanda, 1996.

Harmon’s book provides information on the politics of race relations in Atlanta during the 1940’s and the 1950’s. These chapters also discuss demographic and socioeconomic changes of African American life during this era. Harmon’s work details the particular phenomenon called “white flight” as well as other political issues related to housing segregation.

Kruse, Kevin M. White Flight: Atlanta and the Making of Modern Conservatism. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2005.

This book is a great resource because it discusses the strategies of the segregationists. It also explores the ideas and beliefs held by segregationists at that time; therefore, it helped in formulating ideas and thoughts white flight and its affects on the desegregation of neighborhoods.

Mixon, Gregory. The Atlanta Riot: Race, Class, and Violence in a New South City. Gainesville: UP of Florida, 2005.

The Atlanta riot discusses specific population trends. The source mentions the populations and how they changed during the times of segregation. We can look at these population changes and see that as more African Americans were moving into the city, more white people were retreating to the suburbs.


Myrick-Harris, Clarissa. “Atlanta in the Civil Rights Movement: Part Two.” Perspectives 44.9: (2006): <> 

This article offers a survey of Civil Rights activities in Atlanta.

O'Loughlin, John and Dale A. Berg. “The Election of Black Mayors, 1969 and 1973.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 67.2 (1977): 223-238.

This article demonstrates the effectiveness of promotions that encouraged African American participation in the 1969 election. The article mentions educational programs that steered young black voters to the polls by explaining issues and how they relate to their rights.


New York Times:

“Atlantan Says Political Beliefs Bar Him From Serving Negro.” New York Times 2 Feb. 1965: 15.

Lester Maddox’s tactics to keep The Pickrick Cafeteria segregated under the new Civil Rights Act are explained in further detail. Maddox waged a campaign to refuse service to “integrationists” and African Americans.

Atlanta Daily World

“Panther Headquarters May Move To Atlanta.” Atlanta Daily World 10 Sept. 1971: 1+.

Huey P. Newton, Minister of Defense for the Black Panther Party holds a press conference in Atlanta. He discusses possible plans to move the organization to Atlanta in hopes of better servicing the black community.

Web Sites:

Reid, Leslie Williams and Robert M. Aldeman. “The Double Edged Sword of Gentrification in Atlanta.” 2003 <>.

This article offers valuable insight on the issues that took place in the city of Atlanta during the desegregation of neighborhoods. The article also provides useful information in relation to the current state of Atlanta neighborhoods based on first person accounts.

"Atlanta in the Civil Rights Movement."  Atlanta Regional Consortium for Higher Education. 2004 <>.

This source uncovers detailed accounts of the civil rights movement in the city of Atlanta. It provides thorough descriptions of events and actions related to educational reform used to promote the equality of African Americans.

"Atlanta Regional Council for Higher Education." Atlanta Regional Council for Higher Education. 2005 <>.

This source offers a chronological timeline of the Civil Rights Movement in Atlanta. Using a host of photographs, descriptive events, and an extensive bibliography, viewers can understand the racial and class based efforts to create equality for all citizens in the city.

“Black Panther Index Page.” The Black Panther Party. <>. 

This web site identifies information about members of the Black Panther Party. It also provides a biography about the Party while exploring the Party’s contributions and accomplishments.

City of Atlanta 2004 CDP: Demographics. 2007 <

An informative web site about the changing demographics for the City of Atlanta from 1970 until the projected date of 2010. Relative to the topic of “white flight” from Atlanta, the site provides current data indicating that Blacks now comprise the majority of the city’s population. However, since the 2000 census, the number of Caucasians and other races is rising, while the number of Blacks is steadily declining.

“Divided City.” Time Magazine. 18 January 1963. <,9171,874660,00.html>.

This article is useful because it provides information that is critical for the purpose of examining Atlanta Real Estate during the Civil Rights Movement.

"Hollowell Biography." Donald L Hollowell Foundation. 2001 <>.

The Donald L. Hollowell Foundation web site provides a brief yet succinct biography, linking him to the major legal and political causes to which he contributed. It also describes his personal history and motivation to become involved in cases that fought for the equality of blacks during the Civil Rights Movement.

Jaspin, Elliot. “1912 Expulsion: Forsyth County, GA: White Terror Campaign Explodes Across Northern Georgia.” 2006. <>.

When the rape and murder of a white woman exacerbated the already tense race relations, mobs of white residents took action. They terrorized the African-American community and drove 97% of the black residents out of the county. Many black residents had to flee without notice, leaving their property and their goods. This trend of segregation by force spread throughout the counties of northeast Georgia.

Students for a Democratic Society. 2006 <>.

An informative web site that provides links to the group’s history, current events, and media events of the past and present. Users can also find information to start chapters in their neighborhoods and schools.

“The Disruptive Dozen.” Time Magazine. 13 Apr. 1970. <,9171,904269,00.html>.

An article written during the SDS’s disintegration and the emergence of the Weathermen, gives a brief overview of the social-political strife circa 1970. There are interesting instances in the article’s language, such as “the lunatic left” to describe Dorhn, that give an idea that the media’s portrayal of the underground sect emphasized the extremity of group’s views. 

Nystrom, Justin.  “Lester Maddox (1915-2003).” The New Georgia Encyclopedia. 20 April 2004. <>.

This source provided facts about Lester Maddox’s entry into politics as well as his tenure as governor of Georgia. It includes a personal and recorded history of the actions he took before and after his ownership of the Pickrick Cafeteria.

“Fair Housing Act as Amended.” United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division. 16 April 2007. <>.

This site provides an amended version of the Fair Housing Act, which provides an in-depth look at the actual provisions of this law.


Rebels with a Cause. Dir. Helen Garvey. DVD. Zeitgeist Films, 2000. 

A documentary comprised of testimony by original members of the organization. It includes footage from major events and gives the perspective of SDS participants. All social and political issues of the 1960s are thoroughly discussed. The film is a great companion piece for “The Weather Underground,” which emphasizes the peaceful and socially progressive aspects of the SDS before the violent sect branched and contributed to the collapse of the SDS.